Glossary of terms

Term – Description


Babogaya Results Framework – Designed during a retreat at Lake Babogaya, the CSSP Results Framework sets out the objectives of the programme, and the targets which are monitored over time. It was developed in 2011 and is updated every year.


Capacity Development – Capacity development is about change – making things better, adding value and developing new assets and talents. This change is achieved through the capability in people, organisations and institutions. It involves changes in knowledge, skills, attitudes and behaviours.

Civil Society ‘Watershed’ Approach – A ‘watershed’ in this context is an event or period that represents a turning point, a point of significant change. This is CSSP’s main approach for building coalitions for change, driven by people’s issues, determined by poor women and men in a specific geographical context and/or affected by a specific issue.


Hard to Reach – People and organisations affected by at least one of the following issues: geographic remoteness and under-resourced areas where services are limited or of low quality; development gaps, such as mental ill-health, drug or alcohol addiction; marginalised status such as disability, gender, age, HIV/AIDS or ethnicity.


SASA! – SASA! means ‘Now!’ in Kiswahili and derives from the abbreviation of a four-stage process for tackling violence against women and girls, developed by the Uganda-based organisation Raising Voices: Start-Awareness-Support-Action.

Seven Guiding Principles – Developed from CSSP’s founding document (the Joint Programme Memorandum 2010) and Political Economy Analysis in 2011–12, these seven guiding principles express CSSP’s commitment to put hard to reach people and issues front and centre of its work.


Theory of Change – How and why we think change happens in a specific context. Developing a theory of change in relation to its goals helps CSSP to decide where to put most effort and resources. Helping civil society organisations to do the same can help to increase project effectiveness.


Woreda/Kebele – The term for an administrative unit in Ethiopia, roughly equivalent to a district or county in other countries. In Addis Ababa areas, the word ‘kebele’ (the smallest administrative unit, equivalent to a parish or village) has been replaced with the term ‘woreda’. In other towns and rural areas, however, kebele is still applied. In pastoral areas, the term ‘pastoralist association’ prevails.

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